Tonic-clonic (convulsive) seizures are characterized by the following: sudden cry, fall, rigidity, followed by muscle jerks, froth/saliva on lips, shallow breathing or temporary stop in breathing, bluish skin, or loss of bladder or bowel control. These seizures usually do not last longer than three minutes. When a child has a seizure, remember to stay calm and stay with the child at all times. Note the time. Do not restrain the child and bring him/her to the floor if they are standing or sitting. Clear the area for the child to have the seizure, and leave the mouth clear of any objects, the tongue will not be swallowed. If a student goes into another seizure without regaining consciousness, call 911 and note the time.
Absence seizures are characterized by a blank stare, beginning and ending abruptly, lasting only for a few seconds. The seizure may be accompanied by rapid blinking, or some chewing movements of the mouth.
Simple partial seizures are characterized by jerking that may begin in one area of the body, arm, leg, or face. These cannot be stopped but, the student stays awake and aware. Simple partial seizures can sometimes spread to become convulsive seizures.
Complex partial seizures usually start with a blank stare followed by chewing followed by a random activity. The student is unresponsive and may seem dazed and mumble. Actions are clumsy and can include things such as running, picking up objects, and taking off clothing.
Atonic seizures occur when a student suddenly collapses or falls. Seizure lasts for roughly 10 seconds.
Myoclonic seizures are characterized by sudden brief, massive muscle jerks that may involve the whole body or part of the body.